G8 – Deauville Partnership [fr]
The Ministre d’Etat, Alain Juppé, is in Washington from Wednesday, April 11 to Thursday, April 12 for a G8 Foreign Ministers Meeting.
G8 – Deauville Partnership (April 11 to 12)
Mr. Alain Juppé underscored France’s commitment to the democratic transitions in the Arab world at the G8 Foreign Ministers Meeting which opened yesterday in Washington.
This long-term Partnership relies on the mobilization of international funding and mechanisms in 3 areas:
“governance,” coordinated by the OECD,
“finance,” coordinated by the African Development Bank,
“trade,” aimed at encouraging the conclusion of trade agreements which promote the integration of these countries into the global and regional economy.
- Les ministres des Affaires étrangères du G8 à Washington les 11 et 12 avril 2012 (Photo : Mandel Ngan /AFP)
The Partnership is also involved in the decision to extend the mandate of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to the southern shore of the Mediterranean. Tunisia and Jordan will therefore join Morocco and Egypt as members of the EBRD, thereby opening up prospects for financial support for the private sector in these countries, in particular for SMEs.
Total funding announced within the framework of the Deauville Partnership amounts to $70 billion (in loans and budgetary aid): $38 billion from international financial institutions and $32 billion in bilateral aid.
France announced that it would provide €2.7 billion in funding over the period 2011-2013 for the partner countries, of which 1.1 billion was disbursed on January 31, 2012, representing 40% of the total earmarked for the period.
This political support goes hand in hand with strong economic support through the Deauville Partnership. This Partnership was launched by the French presidency of the G8 in 2011 and brings together the 8 countries of the G8, the European Union, 5 regional powers – Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Turkey – and the 5 partner countries: Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, Jordan, and since September 20, 2011, Libya. Several international organizations also play a role: the United Nations, the OECD, the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean, the OIF, the UNDP, as well as the major international financial institutions.
The key issues for the Ministre d’Etat were as follows:
The crisis in Syria will be discussed, while the regime is refusing to uphold the commitments that it had itself made, while it’s setting out further unacceptable demands, while it’s continuing to massacre its own people and while it’s violating the sovereignty of its neighbors.
The situation in Mali will be discussed, while a political transition is being set in motion in Bamako.
With respect to Iran, the G8 meeting will allow us to evaluate the situation a few days ahead of the discussions in Istanbul between the E3+3 and Iran aimed at persuading Tehran to respond to the international community’s concerns regarding its nuclear program.
The Ministre d’Etat will review progress with respect to the implementation of the Deauville Partnership designed to support the Arab countries in transition. He will also present France’s views on the Middle East peace process in response to the report that will be presented by the Quartet to the G8 Ministers.
North Korea will also be discussed, while Pyongyang’s plans to launch a rocket in the next few days in violation of the Security Council resolutions are causing serious tensions.
Regarding Afghanistan, the gradual handover of responsibility for security to the Afghan forces, the conditions for regional cooperation and the continuation of international aid will be discussed.
Lastly, the ministers will also address certain global issues, such as terrorism, maritime piracy, governance and global growth.
During this Foreign Ministers Meeting, the Ministre d’Etat commended the dynamism and commitment demonstrated by the American presidency of the G8 in continuing the efforts undertaken.