European solidarity in the face of COVID-19 [fr]
Against COVID-19, we are stronger together. We will not overcome this crisis without strong European economic and health solidarity. The European Union has already taken measures and efforts are continuing both at European level and between countries themselves. Europe is showing solidarity in these difficult times.
France was the first European country to encourage the EU to take the measure of the crisis as, on 10 March 2020, it requested an extraordinary European Council meeting and called for coordinated border measures to prevent countries adopting an individualist approach.
The Heads of State and Government have taken seven measures to coordinate our public health efforts, to protect Europeans and to reduce the socioeconomic impact of the epidemic:
- Pool medical equipment (protective equipment, respiratory ventilators and laboratory kits) by creating the first ever common reserve of medical equipment and joint procurement to purchase personal protective equipment. This also requires a concerted effort to increase production capacities. At the same time, export permits have been made mandatory to export individual protection items outside Europe.
- Support research on a COVID-19 vaccine, with a budget of €140 million.
- Pool efforts to allow European citizens stranded outside the EU while travelling to return home.
- Facilitate movement within the EU, not just for goods, through priority corridors at internal borders for supplying hospitals, shops and factories for example, but also for people where necessary, particularly cross-border workers or European citizens returning home.
- Respond to the crisis by reallocating €37 billion of the EU budget to the cohesion policy.
- Support companies and workers by relaxing rules on state aid.
- Suspend the Stability and Growth Pact to enable Member States to waive budgetary regulations in light of the pandemic.
The European Commission is responsible for effectively implementing these measures. Further measures are currently being discussed at European level to tackle this unprecedented crisis.
€40 billion from the European Investment Bank to support middle-market companies and SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises).
€37 billion from the EU budget via the cohesion policy, including €650 million for France.
€140 million for research on a vaccine.
€179 million could be mobilized to support laid-off and self-employed workers.
€125 million for the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (co-financing of repatriation flights and equipment purchases).
€3.6 million for the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
€500 billion for measures to support the economies of the EU Member States.
Another measure is the European Central Bank’s exceptional €750 billion “Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP)” which will buy eurozone state and corporate debt on the markets.
A European Council will take place on 23 April 2020 to review the actions underway and discuss how to end the crisis through solidarity. We need to send a clear signal of coordination and action in solidarity. The methods and practical details must be drawn up and agreed upon together. No country can overcome this crisis alone and solidarity must remain our guiding principle, both now and after the epidemic.
European coordination, pooling of information, good practice and crisis management mechanisms have been activated. The work of the Ministers in charge of the sectors affected by the crisis as well as committees of experts, notably from the health sector (in particular the health security committee, where France is represented by the Ministry of Solidarity and Health), are clear examples.
The European Heads of State and Government have already held three teleconferences in March and have agreed to a follow-up meeting in April.
Finally, solidarity between European countries can be clearly seen on a daily basis, as countries agree to patient transfers to relieve their hardest-hit partners, through donations of medical equipment (e.g. Italy received over 3 million masks from its neighbours) and through shared efforts to enable Europeans stranded while travelling abroad to return home, or through joint medical research programmes.
Medical and protective equipment
- To help Italy, the first European country hit by the crisis, France sent it 1 million masks and 24,000 coats and gowns.
- Although it is facing growing demand due to the increasing spread of the epidemic in its territory, as part of European solidarity France has already allowed over 2.2 million French-manufactured masks to be exported to other European countries.
Enabling Europeans stranded outside the EU to return home
France has played an active role in this collective action, including:
- From the end of January, by arranging three flights enabling 150 Europeans to return from Wuhan (as well as 200 French citizens).
- France opened dozens of commercial flights and repatriation operations for French people stranded abroad to other Europeans, thus contributing to the efforts which have so far enabled 150,000 people to return to Europe. In all, 500,000 Europeans abroad have returned home thanks to the consular coordination between European countries.
France is aware that certain European countries are dependent on French cross-border workers for essential services, including in the healthcare system, and has taken immediate action to enable them to continue working (facilitated border crossings, upholding of labour law guarantees, social protection and taxation).
Germany, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Luxembourg, Holland and Austria have offered to accept intensive care patients hospitalized in France, particularly the Grand Est region which has been hard hit by the epidemic.
In total, there have been over 200 offers to take in patients and everything possible is being done to transfer them quickly.
On 8 April the European Commission and the High Representative announced "Team Europe" measures to support the efforts made by partner countries against the COVID-19 pandemic, with €15.6 bn funded by the EU, Member States and EU financial institutions. The first "Team Europe" measures are already being deployed in our immediate neighbourhood (Western Balkans, East and South) and will be extended to other vulnerable countries, particularly in Africa.
— France Diplomacy🇫🇷 (@francediplo_EN) March 31, 2020
Since this message from Amélie de Montchalin was recorded on 31 March, new countries have come forward in solidarity and taken in French patients. We thank them for their help.
- COVID-19: European Solidarity in action
- (PDF - 267 kb)