64th session of the UN General Assembly (New York, September 21-25, 2009)
French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Bernard Kouchner, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, are in New York for 64th session of the UN General Assembly, from 21 to 25 September.
They will mainly discuss the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, the UN Security Council Summit on nuclear non-proliferation and the Iranian nuclear issue.
- The world’s most important diplomatic meeting
Each year, on the third Tuesday of September, begins the session of the UN General Assembly, the most important diplomatic meeting of the world.
France, as a permanent member of the Security Council, and the EU focus their foreign policy on the United Nations, which embody universality and international legitimacy.
The United Nations has changed considerably over the years and is in a constant process of adaptation and reform. Accordingly, during the 60th anniversary of the UN in 2005, the heads of state and government decided to revive reforms in three areas, emphasizing their interactions: peace and security, human rights and humanitarian issues, and development.
- Security Council reform
In the context of the all-encompassing overhaul of worldwide governance, France favours the reform of the Security Council, the composition of which has not changed since 1965. In order to make it more representative of today’s world, it supports the candidacies of Germany, Brazil, India and Japan for a permanent seat, as well as an African presence among the Council’s permanent members.
In order to break the deadlock in the negotiations and most probably wind up with a reform, France, together with the United Kingdom, supports the principle of a temporary reform, which appears to be the most pragmatic solution. This temporary solution, which will be discussed during the 64th UNGA, might consist in creating, for a temporary period, a new category of seats with terms longer than two years. At the end of the temporary period, these new seats could become permanent.
Now more than ever, the UN is still the main player supporting international changes in keeping with a multilateral approach. It enables all of the States to engage in a dialogue with each other, by structuring their debates and bringing to the surface a shared conception of the challenges they must face.
Speech by Nicolas Sarkozy (in French)
The interview given by Bernard Kouchner to the "La Croix" newspaper (Paris, September 22, 2009)
"Iran. On Thursday, the "5+1” group will meet. Is a resolution possible? Can new sanctions be adopted? Let me remind you that there have already been three series of sanctions against Iran, with a green light from the Chinese and Russians. So everything is possible."